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Expression and Localization of Glycosaminoglycans/Proteoglycan in Pterygium: An Immunohistochemical Study

Constantinos D. GEORGAKOPOULOS, Olga E. MAKRI, Dionisios PAGOULATOS, Nikolaos K. KARAMANOS

Abstract


Pterygium is a triangle-shaped fibrovascular hyperplasia of the bulbar conjunctiva on the cornea. The purpose of this study was to analyze Proteoglycans (PGs) by Immunohistochemistry (IHC) in pterygium tissues and to compare the results with normal conjunctiva. Twenty-four patients (14 males) undergoing primary pterygium excision and 17 healthy individuals (10 males), undergoing extracapsular cataract surgery, were included. Pterygium tissues and normal conjunctiva tissues were surgically removed. The tissue sections were fixed in 2% paraformaldehyde and incubated with monoclonal antibodies against PGs anti-mouse IgG. Immunohistochemical study showed stronger expression of keratan sulfate in the stroma of the pterygium compared to normal conjunctiva. An increased expression of heparan sulfate was observed in the epithelial layer and around the pterygium vessels. On the other hand, dermatan sulfate showed an increased expression and localization not only in the sub-epithelial area of the pterygium and normal conjunctiva, yet throughout the stroma of the pterygium. The differences in the expression and localization of the studied extracellular matrix proteoglycans in the pterygium tissue compared to normal conjunctiva may explain the tissue hyperplasia, structure, and the functional properties in pterygium.


References


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