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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor under consideration by another journal.
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references are provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The Vancouver Style is highly advised. There is no strict requirement on reference formatting at time of submission. All references should be in any format as long as the format is consistent. Use of DOI or PMID is highly appreciated. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the final accepted article by production department. Kindly note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct before sending copyright agreement.

This is a final check list to submit a manuscript. Please ensure that the following items are present: One author has been entitled as the corresponding author with contact details and postal address. Manuscripts should be prepared based on following segments:

• Title page: List title, authors (with email address), and affiliations as first page of manuscript. • Abstract, less than 300 words, nonstructural, concise and comprehensible to readers outside the study. • Introduction • Methods • Results • Discussion • Conclusions • Disclosure • Acknowledgments • References (we follow “Vancouver” style, as outlined in the ICMJE sample references and PubMed style) • Supporting information (if applicable) • Tables (including titles, description, footnotes): ensure all figures and tables have been cited in the text.

Further considerations: • Please read our ethical principles. • Please provide five sentences to highlight your findings in simple words to be used in social media. • Manuscript should be checked for English grammar. • All references cited in the “reference segment” should be cited in the text. • Paper should be unique and not published elsewhere. If you have reused or adapted figures, tables or sections of text from papers published elsewhere please approach the copyright owner and obtain their permission to re-use those elements. • All authors should provide competing interests statement, even if the authors have no competing interests to state. • Referee suggestions (without conflict of interest) and contact details provided, based on the journal inquiry

The following types of manuscripts could be submitted: • Original article • Hypothesis • Short Communication • Preliminary Studies • Review article • Commentary • Letters to the Editor • Book Review • Meeting/Conference report • Special Issue