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Bilateral Double-headed Recurrent Pterygium: A Case Presentation and Literature Review

Bengi Ece Kurtul, Ahmet Kakac, Abdulkerim Karaaslan

Abstract


Pterygium is a frequent corneal disease characterized by growing of fibrovascular tissue from the bulbar conjunctiva onto the cornea. Although the causes of pterygium are not obvious, sun exposure is closely correlated with its development. Pterygium, especially double-headed pterygium is mostly seen in warm climate and in individuals who work outdoors. A minority of pterygium is double-headed (both temporal and nasal origins). Bilateral recurrent double-headed pterygium is a very rare condition. Here, we reported a 35-year-old male patient with bilateral recurrent double-headed pterygium. A brief review about the recent literature concerning the etiology, associated risk factors, operation types and management of patients with recurrent pterygium was also discussed. The patient was a field worker, smoker and had a family history of pterygium. There was no ocular surgery history except pterygium surgery 15 years ago in both eyes. A successful pterygium excision was performed under local anesthesia with the vertical split conjunctival autograft transplantation (CAT) in both temporal and nasal parts of the right eye (randomly) for cosmetic disfigurement and avoidance of recurrence. The pathological report was consistent with pterygium. At postoperative first week, first and 1.5th month visits, conjunctival autografts were in place and stable. No complications such as infection, corneal thinning or graft dislocation were seen. The patient was satisfied with his right eye and demanded the same surgery for his left eye. We suggest vertical split simultaneous CAT as a safe and useful surgical method for the treatment of recurrent double-headed pterygium; however, longer follow-up is required to confirm the outcome.


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